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ERIC Number: ED380835
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Teaching Directing as Seen through the Major Textbooks, 1920-1989.
Fliotsos, Anne
An overview of the textbooks for teaching directing from the 1920s through the 1980s reveals several trends in how directing has been taught. The books published before World War II indicate that classes were intended for the director of community theater and school productions. All aspects of play production are included, such as techniques of acting, lighting, and scene design. The terminology in the 1920s and 1930s was not yet standardized. Although many of the books acknowledge the artistic component of the director's work, the advice and rules in the books are very prescriptive and mechanical, leaving little room for flexibility and interpretation. Four periods of development are usually identified in the rehearsal process: script analysis, blocking, character development, and final polishing. With an increase in college enrollment generally and a growth also in the number of schools offering M.F.A. degrees, directing becomes increasingly to be acknowledged as an art form. Once people begin to question the function of the director, there is a trend toward increasing theory and experimentation in directing, as evidenced in the textbooks of the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. There is no longer a sense of a right or wrong approach; instead, there is a movement toward developing an individual style. Authors choose their own emphasis within the textbooks. For example, J. H. Clay and D. Krempel focus on the director's vision while F. Hodge emphasizes the director as communicator. (Includes 32 notes and 3 tables of data.) (TB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A