ERIC Number: ED380734
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Client Perceptions of Counselor Effectiveness: Do Gender and Sex-Role Orientation Make a Difference?
Ametrano, Irene Mass; Pappas, John G.
This study assessed the influence of gender and sex-role orientation on counselor effectiveness. Participants (56 female, 24 male) consisted of advanced level Master's degree counselor trainees and their clients. The counselors' sex orientation was based on their responses on the Personal Attributes Questionnaire. Sex orientation was divided into four categories: androgynous (n=27), masculine (n=5), feminine (n=26), or undifferentiated (n=7). Client data included descriptive information, results from the Counselor Rating Form-Short Version (CRF-S), and other measures. Results suggest that sex-role orientation alone and gender alone did not adequately account for differences in how clients perceived their counselors. However, when sex-role orientation was considered with gender, several differences and some relationships emerged. Undifferentiated male counselors were less likely to be referred to their clients' friends than were androgynous counselors (male and female), feminine female counselors, and undifferentiated female counselors. Counselor sex-role orientation and gender, however, made little difference in clients' perceptions of counselor attractiveness, expertness, and trustworthiness, in feelings of being helped by the counselor, or in willingness to return in the future. (Contains 23 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A