ERIC Number: ED380715
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
The Effects of Alcohol on Intentions To Use Condoms.
MacDonald, Tara K.; And Others
This study addressed the hypothesis that intentions to use condoms are affected by alcohol intoxication. Recruited for this research were 54 male students, who indicated on a pretest that they were sexually active, usually used condoms, and were social drinkers. Subjects were divided into groups of two or three and then randomly assigned to the sober (n=24, no alcohol consumed) or the intoxicated (n=30, blood alcohol limit of 0.08 percent) condition. Each group watched a video vignette depicting a couple faced with the decision of whether or not to have unprotected sexual intercourse. Each participant then answered a questionnaire devised to assess subjects' predicted intentions to engage in sexual intercourse if they were in the situation presented in the video. Results indicated that intoxicated subjects had more positive intentions to engage in sex without a condom and were more likely to endorse items justifying the decision to do so than did sober subjects. The findings were interpreted in terms of "alcohol myopia"--the notion that alcohol decreases cognitive capacity so that an individual attended only to the most salient cues of a situation. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (102nd, Los Angeles, CA, August 12-16, 1994).