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ERIC Number: ED380667
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Pages: 3
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Eduard C. Lindeman. Leaders in the Field of Adult Education.
Nixon-Ponder, Sarah
Eduard Lindeman (1885-1953) is considered a major philosopher of adult education in the United States. Lindeman advocated the use of adult learning groups and believed that adult education was a force for constructive social action. In his most important work, "The Meaning of Adult Education" (1926), Lindeman discussed four principles of adult education: (1) education is a life-long process; (2) adult education is non-vocational; (3) adult education should emphasize situations, not subjects; and (4) adult education should place primary emphasis on the learner's experiences. Lindeman's methods of adult education stressed the importance of discussion. He believed that the curriculum should focus on the method instead of content. Through the 1940s, his curriculum ideas became more specific. He stated that the maintenance of a democratic society should be used as the curricular agenda for the discussion groups. Lindeman decried the use of textbooks, relying instead on the adult learner's experience, and he believed that education should be multicultural, rather than Eurocentered. Lindeman's ideas are reflected in adult education today. Adult literacy programs are moving toward small group instruction, whereas community-based programs are moving away from teacher-centered curriculum. An increased emphasis on multiculturalism is also evident. (KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Kent State Univ., OH. Ohio Literacy Resource Center.