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ERIC Number: ED380570
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Military Experience and Workplace Literacy: A Review and Synthesis for Policy and Practice.
Sticht, Thomas G.
The most extensive research and development (R&D) into the adult cognitive skills essential for workplace literacy has been conducted by the U.S. military. Military R&D related to workplace literacy has been concentrated in the following areas: formulation of developmental model for literacy in four stages (basic adaptive processes, conscious control and memory, language development, and processing representations); assessment of literacy and other cognitive skills; identification of the literacy demands of jobs based on approaches that included predictive validity and task analysis methods; and development of programs which included the literacy program of World War II, Functional Literacy program (FLIT), Job-Oriented Basic Skills program (JOBS), Job Skills Education Program (JSEP), and Experimental Functional Skills Program (XFSP). Among the major findings of literacy-related R&D conducted by the military are the following: literacy is highly related to measures of intelligence and aptitude; literacy and job performance are continuously related; there is no technical solution to the problem of setting standards for literacy; there is no best method of identifying jobs' literacy demands; and workplace literacy programs can produce significant improvements in job-related reading for only brief periods of time and must be supplemented by continued opportunities for education and learning. (Twenty-six tables/figures are included. Contains 73 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Reading Programs, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Measurement, Educational Needs, Educational Practices, Literacy Education, Military Personnel, Military Training, Models, Needs Assessment, Program Effectiveness, Reading Ability, Reading Research, Reading Skills, Research and Development, Research Projects, State of the Art Reviews, Tables (Data), Workplace Literacy
National Center on Adult Literacy, Publications, 3910 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3111 (order no. TR94-01: $10).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Adult Literacy, Philadelphia, PA.