ERIC Number: ED380538
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Practice versus Theory When Planning Employee Training Programs.
Wortham, Forest B.
A study examined the program planning steps used by trainers on the job and the differences between the identified planning steps and the program planning models outlined in the adult education literature. Training managers from five corporations with headquarters in the Pittsburgh area were interviewed, and supporting documents about each training program were reviewed. The most consistent pattern identified across the case studies was use of a top-down management style from senior managers to managers of training. Needs analysis was used in only one program. The training managers did not suggest or reveal that they followed a specific theoretically based program model when planning programs; instead, they processed how they wanted to plan programs on a situation-by-situation basis in their minds. The training managers did not plan programs according to a preconceived theory because, in their words, doing so was neither efficient nor reflective of their corporation's needs or their personal needs. The study findings were interpreted as supporting the contention found in the literature that individuals plan programs in a situation-specific manner and as refuting the traditional adult education literature, which maintains that managers of training should use specific program planning steps and follow them in a lock-step pattern. (MN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh)