ERIC Number: ED380483
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jul
Performance and Alternative Assessment Techniques: Meeting the Challenge of Alternative Evaluation Strategies.
Jones, Russell W.
One of the most influential contemporary trends in educational evaluation in the United States is the move away from traditional testing methods toward "authentic assessments," which are designed to measure student performance of skills, abilities, and knowledge directly. While there is no consensus as to precisely what constitutes authentic assessment, there is general agreement that it incorporates: (1) emphasis on examinee performance, assessing not only what the examinee knows, but what the examinee can do; (2) use of direct methods of assessment; (3) inclusion of a high degree of realism; and (4) activities for which there may be no one correct answer, in a simulation of realism. The primary distinction between traditional testing methods and authentic assessment is the choice of question format. Certain segments of the educational community have called for a move from the multiple-choice format to question formats considered to reflect higher-order cognitive processes more accurately. This has resulted in the development or adoption of a broad range of formats, including standardized patient, audio-visual context setting, computer-based problem solving, multiple choice with justification, latent image, performance, and portfolio. Two figures illustrate the discussion. (Contains 30 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Conference on Educational Evaluation and Assessment (2nd, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa, July 1994).