ERIC Number: ED379752
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Legislation Affecting School Crime and Violence.
National polls of public attitudes toward public education consistently rank school safety and drug abuse at the top of the problem list. This paper describes some federal and state legislative responses to the problems and offers a preventative approach. Federal legislation has taken the form of two major statutes--the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act (1970) and the Gun Free School Zones Act (1990). States have most frequently passed laws to deal with drug abuse, assault and battery, weapons possession, school vandalism/property damage, and parental responsibility. The upsurge in school crime and violence has led to a large amount of disparate legislation among states. A review of state legislation indicates that two trends have emerged: (1) increased penalties for school-related crimes; and (2) the assignment of penalties to parents of students who commit criminal acts. Florida's comprehensive approach to drug abuse, school crime, and violence is described as an example of a preventative approach to the problem. Florida has passed legislation that: authorizes state and local governments to develop comprehensive, community-based programs and services for children and families; calls for the development of partnerships to form alternative educational programs, substance abuse programs, and community services; authorizes the creation of county juvenile-justice councils; establishes a trust fund for school districts to develop alternative education and staff inservice-training programs; and authorizes the creation of an interagency task force to reduce juvenile crime through a coordinated overlay of preventative services. (LMI)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Organization on Legal Problems of Education (San Diego, CA, November 17-19, 1994).