ERIC Number: ED379744
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Nongraded Education: Overcoming Obstacles to Implementing the Multiage Classroom. Special Issue.
OSSC Bulletin, v38 n3-4 Nov-Dec 1994
This issue of the OSSC Bulletin explores problems encountered in implementing a closely associated group of educational innovations whose adoption has become increasingly common in recent years. This "family" of organizational and instructional practices includes non-age-graded organization, mixed-age grouping, developmentally appropriate practices, continuous-progress learning, integrated or thematic instruction, and cooperative learning. Data were gathered from a review of literature and 10 telephone interviews conducted with teachers and administrators. Chapter 1 surveys the theoretical base for nongraded education and for common nongraded practices and program configurations, focusing on areas in which controversy exits or research evidence is incomplete. It also shows how ignorance of the change process can affect implementation. Chapter 2 explores misunderstandings that often sabotage nongraded practices, and how these misunderstandings develop, and suggests actions that can be taken to reduce them. The third chapter examines the ways inadequate practical skills lead to failure and discusses effective ways for teachers to acquire the appropriate skills. Chapter 4 illustrates how an unsupportive school culture can discourage educators and undermine a program, and chapter 5 documents the need for district and state support. The sixth chapter considers the need for sufficient time and financial resources to prevent program failure. It examines how these factors have affected implementation efforts in British Columbia, Kentucky, and Oregon. Chapter 7 suggests actions school boards and administrators can take to avoid or overcome these obstacles. A Bulletin in Brief, a four-page condensed version, is included. (LMI)
Descriptors: Continuous Progress Plan, Cooperative Learning, Educational Environment, Educational Finance, Educational Innovation, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Improvement, Mixed Age Grouping, Nongraded Instructional Grouping, Nontraditional Education, School Support, Teacher Effectiveness
Publication Sales, Oregon School Study Council, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403 ($11, nonmember; $8.50, member; $3 postage and handling on billed orders; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon School Study Council, Eugene.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Prepared in cooperation with the ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management.