ERIC Number: ED379648
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov-4
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Perceptions of Failure on Test Performance of Community College Students.
Maimon, Lia F.
Two studies addressed the effects of failure in reading test performance. In experiment 1, 36 students in 3 intact reading and study skills courses at an upstate New York community college completed a questionnaire, were administered an "unsolvable" reading test, were either given no feedback or "failure feedback," an assessment and placement test, and a cognitive interference questionnaire. In experiment 2, similar subjects from the same community college were restrained from engaging in off-task cognitions to test whether performance decrements following failure would be reversed. Results indicated that students who attributed failure to universal causes exhibited performance deficits and increased off-task thoughts following the unsolvable tests. Results also indicated that instruction that discouraged students from engaging in off-task thoughts eliminated the detrimental effects of universal attributions of failure. Findings suggest that instructions to restrain from off-task thoughts can reduce performance deficits in reading tests. (Contains 23 references and 2 tables of data.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York