ERIC Number: ED379557
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
The Role of the School Counselor.
Cunanan, Esmeralda S.; Maddy-Bernstein, Carolyn
Office of Special Populations' Brief, v6 n1 Aug 94
The School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994 emphasizes counselor involvement in improving the academic, career, and occupational opportunities of all students. This paper focuses on the problem of defining the role of the school counselor and provides a review of the literature in three areas: (1) student counselees and their needs; (2) the school counselor's role; and (3) how counselors can better assist the nation's increasingly diverse student population. Traditionally, the school's guidance program was considered an ancillary student service isolated from the instructional program. Today, there is general agreement that guidance program refers to a comprehensive, developmental program designed to benefit all students. Career guidance and counseling are now considered one component of a total career education program. Although more unified in purpose, counselors must now meet the needs of an increasingly diverse student population and must, therefore, restrain their own bias in their responsibility to all students. They must help students reach decisions without imposing their own views on student potential. To realize their goals, counselors must have clearly defined roles in the school; their added burden of auxiliary or administrative support functions must be eliminated. Given proper support, counselors can make a difference in students' lives. Contains 13 references. (RJM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Career Exploration, Career Guidance, Children, Counselor Role, Counselor Teacher Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, School Counseling, School Counselors, School Guidance, Student Development, Student Needs
Office of Special Populations, 345 Education Building, 1310 South Sixth St., Champaign, IL 61820.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.