ERIC Number: ED379493
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Feb-6
Multiple Employment Training Programs. Major Overhaul Needed To Create a More Efficient, Customer-Driven System. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training and Lifelong Learning, Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities, House of Representatives.
Crawford, Clarence C.
Today, 163 federal programs scattered across 15 federal agencies provide employment training assistance. Although they frequently target the same clients, share the same goals, compete for funds, and provide similar services, agencies maintain separate administrative structures that devote staff and other resources to administer, monitor, and review program implementation. People have difficulty knowing where to begin to look for assistance because the system lacks clear entry points and clear paths from one program to another. Most agencies lack the basic information needed to manage their programs or measure their performance. Even when participant outcome data are obtained, few programs know whether participants would likely have achieved the same outcomes without the program. For those programs that have been studied using a comparison of participant and nonparticipant outcomes, the results have not been encouraging. A major overhaul and consolidation of programs is needed to create an effective and efficient employment training system with the following features: easy access to services; efficient use of resources; a wide variety of employment training services; and program administrator accountability for results, while allowing states and local agencies flexibility to determine how best to meet the needs of their communities. (Appendixes include an annotated list of 12 related General Accounting Office products, list of federal programs that provide employment training assistance, and four charts.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cooperative Programs, Cost Effectiveness, Employment Programs, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Program Improvement
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy fee; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.