ERIC Number: ED379445
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
What's Working (and What's Not). A Summary of Research on the Economic Impacts of Employment and Training Programs.
Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
The effectiveness of employment and training (E&T) programs in improving labor market outcomes can be assessed by measuring the impact on the future success of participants. The program with the greatest success in reducing dropout rates among at-risk youth is the Quantum Opportunities Project. Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) and Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) programs have been unsuccessful in raising employment or earnings of disadvantaged out-of-school youth, whereas the Job Corps program has shown marked success in improving earnings. E&T programs for young single mothers have produced moderate increases in employment and education levels. Evidence from a Chicago program indicates residential location has a substantial effect on education and employment outcomes for youth. The CETA program for disadvantaged adults produced significant earnings gains for women; JTPA has yielded gains for both men and women. Many programs targeted at poor single parents have produced significant earnings gains. The effects of higher education are very positive and have steadily increased over the past 20 years. Employer-provided training can substantially raise firm productivity and improve worker earnings. At least some services have been successful for every population examined, and many employment services for displaced workers and disadvantaged persons appear to be cost-effective investments. (Two tables of programs for out-of-school youth and of major upcoming evaluations are appended.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Disadvantaged, Dislocated Workers, Dropouts, Early Parenthood, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, High Risk Students, High School Equivalency Programs, Higher Education, Job Training, Literature Reviews, One Parent Family, Out of School Youth, Potential Dropouts, Program Effectiveness, Secondary Education, Success, Unemployment, Vocational Education, Welfare Recipients
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act; Job Training Partnership Act 1982
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: General Educational Development Tests