ERIC Number: ED379159
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Dec
Learning about Students' Mathematical Understandings from Videotape Models of Clinical Interviewing.
Kaplan, Rochelle G.
This paper gives a description of a videotape used with inservice teachers as a model for demonstrating the clinical interviewing technique. It describes what is seen on the tape, as well as the child's and interviewer's comments and reactions. It also describes the plan and purpose of the interviewer's questions and outlines the process that transpires during an in-service experience in which a videotaped clinical interview is analyzed. The interview discussed in this paper is an interview with a first-grader about the meaning of equals, plus, and minus signs. The paper concludes with several interviewing tips: (1) Don't stop too soon; probe for more information; (2) Follow up an answer with a "why" question; (3) Validate your assumptions about the child's thinking; (4) Ask the child for a concrete example of what he or she has just said; (5) Do not generalize or come to conclusions too quickly; test your hypothesis with a different example; (6) Do not put words in the child's mouth; (7) Challenge answers whether they are right or wrong; (8) Try to understand how the child connects school math with informal strategies; and (9) Focus on contradictory or illogical statements. Contains 14 references. (MKR)
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Arithmetic, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Measurement, Evaluation Methods, Field Interviews, Grade 1, Inservice Teacher Education, Mathematics Instruction, Models, Primary Education, Questioning Techniques, Student Evaluation, Teaching Methods, Videotape Recordings
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A