ERIC Number: ED379023
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Using Public Speaking and Critical Thinking To Increase Self-Esteem in the Multi-Cultural College Prep Composition Classroom.
Weissberg, Michael W.
In an effort to improve the writing performance of non-native English-speaking students in a college preparatory composition course, a project was undertaken to reduce problems of self-esteem caused by communication apprehension through a speech assignment involving critical thinking and peer reviews. To evaluate the effect of the assignment, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), the Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale (PHSC), the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventories (SEI), and other self-concept measures were administered to 42 students in the college preparatory class. A lecture was then given on delivering a speech and students selected topics for their own speeches. The speeches were graded by fellow-students and the teacher on content, appearance, eye contact, props, and time constraint. After each speech, strengths and weaknesses were discussed by the class. In the final phase of the project, the self-esteem inventories were re-administered in the last 4 weeks of the course. A comparative analysis of pre- and post-test results indicated the following: (1) in general, students showed increased levels of self-esteem on all the instruments; (2) for the SEI, 38% showed a positive change, compared to 12% showing a decline in self-esteem; and (3) similarly, on the RSE 66.66% of subjects showed positive change, compared to 12% showing a negative change. The report includes speech grading criteria, the self-esteem instruments, and results for each instrument. Contains 12 references. (KP)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Practicum Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Practicum Report, Nova University.