ERIC Number: ED378520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
An Integrative Review of Research on Characteristics of Dropouts.
Deschamps, Ann Barnes
This study examined research from 1980 to 1992 that addressed characteristics of high school dropouts. Data from 32 empirical studies were synthesized into an integrative review. A list of the most common characteristics of high school dropouts was generated and the major policy issues related to dropping out were identified and addressed. Four major categories of dropout characteristics were found: demographic, social and family, deviant behavior in society, and in-school. Some of the more common characteristics of dropouts included ethnicity, low socioeconomic status, coming from a single-parent family, a high rate of absenteeism, disciplinary problems, grade retention, low academic performance, and poor achievement test scores. The major policy issues related to the dropout problem included: the lack of a uniform definition of the term dropout; the inaccuracy of statistics measuring local, state, and national dropout rates; the correlation between grade retention and dropping out; the dropout rate in special education; and the need for more research on how many dropouts return to school or receive their Graduate Equivalency Diploma. Further investigation is needed on the role of the family in a student's decision to drop out of high school, the impact of peer influence, and the dropout problem in special education. (RJM)
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Academic Persistence, Adolescents, Attrition (Research Studies), Dropout Characteristics, Dropout Research, Dropouts, Family Environment, Grade Repetition, High Schools, Low Achievement, School Holding Power, Secondary Education, Student Attitudes, Student Attrition, Student Promotion, Withdrawal (Education)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral Dissertation, George Washington University.