ERIC Number: ED378413
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
In a Class of Their Own. A Look at the Campaign against Female Illiteracy. World Bank Development Essays 4.
Indonesia seems to be succeeding in its fight against illiteracy due to the choice of Bahasa Indonesia, a simple language, as the national language and as a unifying force. A literacy campaign is based on Package A, a group of 100 booklets. The main effort is to form groups that meet regularly and are taught by volunteer tutors. Many Package A booklets teach money-making skills, since women feel they can not join learning groups because they need that time to earn extra money. To put these skills into practice, a group can borrow money to use as working capital or to buy equipment. The structure to fight illiteracy is in place, and the political commitment and international support are there. Obstacles are older learners, lack of printed material, and holding students' attention. The whole literacy campaign hinges first on the tutors and second on the peniliks, field staff who supervise them. Incentives to motivate tutors include letting teachers earn credits toward promotion, competitions, and loans. Help with basic needs is provided to the poorest before attention is turned to learning. An effective way to break the continuous circle of neglect in which girls are trapped is to spend money on women's education, which is relatively inexpensive compared with other development investments and has the potential to transform society. More local libraries are planned to provide a plentiful supply of reading material to prevent people from slipping back into illiteracy. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Economic Development, Educational Development, Females, Foreign Countries, Illiteracy, Literacy Education, National Programs, Social Development, Student Motivation, Teacher Motivation, Womens Education
World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia