ERIC Number: ED378399
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to Work. Current AFDC Program Not Sufficiently Focused on Employment. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Finance, U.S. Senate and Welfare To Work. AFDC Training Program Spends Billions, but Not Well Focused on Employment. Statement of Jane L. Ross, Director, Income Security Issues, Health, Education, and Human Services Division. Testimony before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
This document is comprised of two separate publications, a report concerning the current AFDC program and related testimony. The report discusses a study that assessed the progress the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) program had made in serving an increasingly larger portion of the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) caseload, thus ensuring that participants got work and left AFDC. Results indicated JOBS made progress in serving those at risk of long welfare stays, but some AFDC recipients who needed help to avoid long-term dependence had not been widely served. For example, in a 1992 review of 16 states, only 24 percent of teen parents had been enrolled in JOBS. State administrators reported a reluctance to serve AFDC recipients who had barriers to employment, such as learning disabilities, emotional problems, or substance abuse, and were difficult or more costly to serve. Programs were generally not well focused on recipients' employment as the ultimate goal and had generally not forged the strong links with local employers important to helping AFDC recipients find employment. The JOBS performance measurement system provided little incentive for moving clients into jobs, since it held states accountable for the number and type of AFDC recipients participating in JOBS activities, not for the number who got jobs. The second publication, testimony before the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, focuses on five key points about JOBS: (1) what it is intended to do; (2) AFDC recipients being served; (3) what is known about its participants gaining employment; (4) is the program sufficiently focused on employment; and (5) what role employers plan. (Appendixes from the first publication include the following: objectives, scope, and methodology of ongoing work; comments from the Department of Health and Human Services; and abstracts of 17 related products.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, At Risk Persons, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Statewide Planning, Success, Unemployment, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount; accompany orders with a check or money order, as necessary, made out to the Superintendent of Documents).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children