ERIC Number: ED378274
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Mental Health Consequences of Adolescents' Exposure to Violence. Final Report.
Singer, Mark I.; And Others
The extent to which adolescents are exposed to various types of violence, as victims or witnesses, and the association of such exposure with trauma symptoms and violent behavior were studied in samples of students from central city, suburban, and small city high schools. An anonymous self-report questionnaire was completed by 3,735 students in 6 public high schools in 2 states. Thirty-five percent were African American, 33 percent Caucasian, 23 percent Hispanic, and 9 percent of other ethnic background. About half were female, and about half lived with both parents. Males were the more frequent victims across domains, but females were more often victimized at home and were more frequent victims of sexual abuse than their male counterparts. About three in four students had seen violence at school in the past year. About half of Cleveland (Ohio) central city students and about half the male respondents in central city Denver (Colorado) reported witnessing a shooting. Significant relationships were found between violence and trauma symptoms and the students' own violent behavior. Although there was less severe violence exposure in the suburbs, the association with trauma symptoms and violent behavior were similar in significance and magnitude. Coping strategies of gender and racial groups are discussed. The association between violence exposure and violent behaviors is likely to be interactive rather than unidirectional. Eighteen tables present study findings. (Contains 82 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Problems, Black Students, High School Students, High Schools, Hispanic Americans, Mental Health, Sex Differences, Social Problems, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Urban Areas, Urban Schools, Urban Youth, Victimization, Violence, Whites
Center for Practice Innovations, Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 ($6).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ohio State Dept. of Mental Health and Mental Retardation, Columbus.
Authoring Institution: Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH. Center for Practice Innovations.
Identifiers - Location: Colorado (Denver); Ohio (Cleveland)