ERIC Number: ED378257
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug-22
Reference Count: N/A
Trends in Family Life and Children's School Performance.
Education professionals have long known that family background is a stronger predictor of academic success than are school or teacher characteristics. The past 30 years have seen a series of drastic alterations in patterns of family living in the United States, and these changes mean that a substantial number of youngsters are being born or are growing up in circumstances that put them at risk of low achievement and school failure. Family characteristics associated with school difficulties are more common in some racial and ethnic groups than others, but when grade-repetition rates are adjusted for parent education, family income, and family composition, these ethnic disparities are substantially reduced. Research indicates that the disadvantaged minority students of today are doing better than those of yesterday. There is a scale that assesses what parents do to stimulate achievement in preschool and elementary-age children. This is the Home Observation for the Measurement of Environment (HOME) scale. An abbreviated version of the HOME scale was used in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) to begin to study family influence on student achievement. Considerable further research is required to explore the complex relationships between family life and academic achievement. Includes one figure and two tables. (Contains 49 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Failure, Children, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Family Characteristics, Family Influence, Family Structure, Minority Groups, Parent Education, Parent Role, Predictor Variables, Preschool Education, Racial Differences, Research Needs, Trend Analysis
Child Trends, Inc., 4301 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Suite 100, Washington, DC 20008 ($0.10 per page, $5.50 per copy).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Child Trends, Inc., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Home Observation for Measurement of Environment; National Longitudinal Survey of Youth