ERIC Number: ED378251
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Renewing Schools: A Report on the Cluster Initiative in Philadelphia.
Useem, Elizabeth L.
From 1990 to 1993 PATHS/PRISM worked with five elementary schools and two middle schools in Philadelphia to try to bring about systemic change for schools serving low-income students. This Cluster Initiative attempted to achieve greater coordination of curriculum and instruction, to develop teacher-driven collegial processes, and to revamp school organizational structures. A retrospective study was conducted in 1993 using personal interviews with 80 participants, documents, observations of school staff meetings, and student outcome data. The initiative was considered to have succeeded in four schools, achieved partial success in two, and did not succeed in another. Collegiality was clearly enhanced in three schools, boosted in another, less fully implemented in two others, and lacking in one middle school. Curriculum change was significant in four schools, and reform of governance was noted in all seven to some extent. Several curricular changes involved parents to a greater degree. Four schools where the Cluster Initiative was implemented showed modest improvement in student achievement. Reasons for successful implementation and recommendations for continued change are explored. Four appendixes discuss methodology and present seven tables of data about the project. The Notes section contains 10 references. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Development, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Change, Elementary Education, Integrated Activities, Low Income Groups, Middle Schools, Organizational Change, Outcomes of Education, Partnerships in Education, Program Evaluation, School Restructuring, Urban Schools
PATHS/PRISM: The Philadelphia Partnership for Education, 7 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Suite 700, Philadelphia, PA 19103 ($5).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; Philadelphia School District, PA.
Authoring Institution: PATHS/PRISM The Philadelphia Partnership for Education, PA.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)