ERIC Number: ED378070
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Education Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869), George Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville, and the Peabody Library and Conservatory of Music, Baltimore (Brief History).
Parker, Franklin; Parker, Betty J.
This paper discusses philanthropic endeavors of George Peabody, a man with only 4 years of schooling, and his efforts to rebuild an education system in the south and southwest portions of the United States following the Civil War. The paper describes the difficulties faced by the $2 million Peabody Education Fund (PEF) when it was attacked by abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison because the money went to help develop education in the South. Northern acceptance of PEF came with President Andrew Johnson's visit to George Peabody and his recognition of the fund as a national gift meant to heal the divided nation. The paper describes the first administrator of the fund, Barnas Sears; integration in the schools, educational policy; and teacher training. George Peabody College for Teachers is described as it developed from a normal school in Nashville, Tennessee. Various school presidents are discussed as are attempts to link the school to Vanderbilt University, the eventual merger with Vanderbilt, and the school in recent years. Peabody Institute of Baltimore is described from a library, lecture hall and fund, in Danvers (later renamed Peabody), Massachusetts to the early cultural center opened October 25, 1866 in Baltimore, Maryland. The lecture series, building, and personalities that made it an important establishment are described. Peabody was the first conservatory of music founded in the United States, but the fourth to offer instruction. Peabody's influence on Johns Hopkins' decision to establish his philanthropic gift of a university and teaching hospital is discussed. Peabody's contributions to science are described. (DK)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A