**ERIC Number:**ED378045

**Record Type:**Non-Journal

**Publication Date:**1994

**Pages:**54

**Abstractor:**N/A

**Reference Count:**N/A

**ISBN:**ISBN-0-87353-415-8

**ISSN:**N/A

Empowering Students by Promoting Active Learning in Mathematics: Teachers Speak to Teachers.

Buerk, Dorothy, Ed.

This book is a collection of essays by full-time classroom teachers who describe their efforts to implement the vision of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Standards documents and to empower their students in mathematics. Chapter 1, "Students' Conceptions of Mathematics and the Challenge of the Standards" (Dorothy Buerk), gives an overview of how students often view mathematics as rote memorization and offers ideas for reforming this view based on the Standards. Chapter 2, "'Math Is Like a Used Car': Metaphors Reveal Attitudes toward Mathematics" (Helen Gibson), details a process that helps high school students think and write about their view of mathematics and themselves as learners. Chapter 3, "Cooperative Learning in the Secondary School Mathematics Classroom" (David Bock), explains how to organize students into cooperative learning groups to examine and verbalize mathematical ideas. Chapter 4, "Listening to Students through Writing" (Marcia Standera), and Chapter 5, "Writing and Cognition: Implications for Mathematics Instruction" (Patricia Ehrich), explain how writing activities in middle and high school classes can encourage students to think about math concepts, problems, and solutions. Examples of students' notes and journal entries are included in both chapters. Chapter 6, "Conflicting Goals in the Mathematics Classroom" (Ann Oaks), reviews attempts to help college students break out of rote memorization by using math exercises that require reasoning, inquiry, and exploration. Chapter 7, "Broadening Students' Conceptions of Mathematics: Theory into Action" (Dorothy Buerk), concludes the book with teacher guidelines for creating active student involvement in the math classroom. (MKR)

Descriptors: Beliefs, College Faculty, Concept Formation, Content Area Writing, Cooperative Learning, Higher Education, Intermediate Grades, Mathematics Instruction, Middle Schools, Secondary Education, Secondary School Teachers, Student Attitudes, Student Journals, Student Participation, Students, Thinking Skills, Writing Assignments

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Inc., 1906 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091-1593.

**Publication Type:**Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Collected Works - General; Books

**Education Level:**N/A

**Audience:**Teachers; Practitioners

**Language:**English

**Sponsor:**N/A

**Authoring Institution:**National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Inc., Reston, VA.