ERIC Number: ED377961
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Child Care: Current System Could Undermine Goals of Welfare Reform. United States General Accounting Office Testimony before the Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Education and Labor, and Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues. House of Representatives.
Ross, Jane L.
This statement by the associate director of Income Security Issues of the Department of Health, Education and Human Services Division addresses the Congressional welfare reform goal of self-sufficiency for welfare mothers through employment. It analyzes the problems of the current welfare subsidy system by examining the effect of child care subsidy rates on the employment of low-income women. The state notes that Congress has recognized the importance of child care to family self-sufficiency by creating four child care subsidy programs for low-income families since 1988 with the primary goal of economic self-sufficiency through labor force participation made possible by subsidies for low-income mothers' child care costs. But the current system of child care has not necessarily promoted the goal of economic independence and has produced the unintended consequence of gaps in service for the following reasons: (1) categorical eligibility of the existing funding streams; (2) limits on employment-related activities; (3) income eligibility; (4) time limits on subsidized child care; and (5) lack of incentive to serve low-income working families. Closing gaps in federal funding streams, facilitating state flexibility in spending federal dollars, and balancing the incentives for serving various client groups would contribute toward a child care delivery system able to meet the needs of low-income families. (AP)
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Child Health, Child Rearing, Day Care, Employed Parents, Family Financial Resources, Federal Programs, Financial Support, Grants, Low Income Groups, Special Needs Students, State Federal Aid, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (First copy, free; additional copies, $2 each; discount on quantity orders).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.