ERIC Number: ED377784
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The American Freshman: National Norms for Fall 1994.
Astin, Alexander W.; And Others
This publication presents national norms for 237,777 college freshmen in fall 1994 based on the 29th annual survey of incoming students at 461 two-year and four-year colleges and universities. Three major tables present the norms for type of institutional control for all freshmen and by sex; for universities by selectivity level and by sex; and for four-year colleges by selectivity level. An overview presents a summary of results and identifies major trends since the survey started in Fall of 1966. These indicate the following: (1) freshmen are more disengaged from politics than any previous entering class with only 31.9 percent saying that "keeping up with political affairs" is an important goal in life; (2) there has been an increase in the percent of students identifying themselves as "middle-of-the-road" politically and a decline in those identifying themselves as either "liberal/far left" or "conservative/far right"; and (3) high school grade inflation continues unabated with the number of students reporting A averages reaching an all-time high of 28.1 percent which is up from 27 percent in 1993. Extensive appendixes contain information on research methodology, the survey instrument, coding schemes, institutions participating in the survey, data precision, and a sample report furnished to participating campuses. (JB)
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Competitive Selection, Educational Trends, Enrollment Trends, Grade Point Average, Higher Education, National Norms, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Student Educational Objectives, Tables (Data), Trend Analysis, Two Year Colleges, Universities
Higher Education Research Institute, Graduate school of Education and Information Studies, 3005 Moore Hall, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1521 ($20 plus $3 per book for shipping).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Higher Education Research Inst.; American Council on Education, Washington, DC.