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ERIC Number: ED377707
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Feb-21
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Do Chickens Have Lips? Conversational Implicature in the ESL Classroom.
Broersma, David
A study investigated whether learners of English as a Second Language can learn implicatures through explicit teaching. Data were drawn from an earlier experiment and analyzed for this purpose. Subjects were foreign university students with advanced English proficiency. Six types of implicature were taught. Students were encouraged to analyze the implicatures and focus on intended interpretation within context. Instructional materials included both conventional handouts with examples, and cartoons or comic strips. Often, students were asked to find examples of implicatures in their first languages. During discussion, additional contextual and linguistic factors were discussed, including level of formality and relationships between interlocutors, cultural values, expectation, and intonation. It was found that in general the implicature lessons were successful and enjoyable, and that some types of implicature were easier to teach than others. Additional descriptive, theoretical research on implicatures is recommended, particularly in classification of types. A brief bibliography and the original handouts on six implicature types are appended. Contains 16 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A