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ERIC Number: ED377706
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Request Realization Patterns in Portuguese and EFL.
Oliveira, Maria Luiza Baethgen
A study investigated the pragmatic success and failure of requests when expressed in Portuguese or in English. Subjects were 40 college students who were administered a discourse-completion instrument in 2 versions (English and Portuguese) comprised of 10 situations, or 5 pairs in which each pair was related to a different social situation. Situational factors considered included: relative dominance of requester and hearer; relative social distance; hearer's degree of obligation in carrying out the request; speaker's degree of right in issuing the request; degree of difficulty of speaker in making the request; and likelihood of compliance. Analysis of responses looked at three levels of directness of request (impositives, conventionally indirect, and hints), use of internal modifiers that either soften or intensify the request, and perspective taken. Results are presented and analyzed separately for Portuguese and English. It was found that Portuguese-speakers and English-speakers show little agreement in the proportion of different strategies used in different situations, although they did agree that some situations required certain strategies. It was also found that learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) take an intermediate position between native Portuguese-speakers and native English-speakers when using more direct strategies and closer to English when using conventional ones. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A