ERIC Number: ED377665
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action on Special Needs Education. Adopted by the World Conference on Special Needs Education: Access and Quality (Salamanca, Spain, June 7-10, 1994).
Ministry of Education and Science, Madrid (Spain).; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
This statement was adopted by more than 300 participants representing 92 governments and 25 international organizations who met in Salamanca, Spain, to promote inclusive education. The statement and accompanying framework for action represent a worldwide consensus on future directions for special needs education. The statement affirms the right to education of every individual regardless of individual differences, within the regular education system and the right of children with special educational needs to receive whatever extra support they may require to ensure their effective education. Governments are urged to give the highest policy and budgetary priority to improve education systems; adopt the principle of inclusive education; invest greater effort in early identification, intervention, and vocational education; and take other actions. The international community is urged to intensify its involvement in inclusive education. A framework for action offers guidelines for action at the national level, in the following areas: policy and organization, school factors, recruitment and training of educational personnel, external support services, priority areas, community perspectives, and resource requirements. Additional guidelines are offered for action at the regional and international level. (JDD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Early Childhood Education, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Gifted, Inclusive Schools, International Organizations, Normalization (Disabilities), Policy Formation, Position Papers, Social Action, Social Integration
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ministry of Education and Science, Madrid (Spain).; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).