ERIC Number: ED377642
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Prereferral Intervention: Using Mainstream Assistance Teams To Accommodate Difficult-To-Teach Students in General Education. Research & Resources on Special Education, Abstract 24.
Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. ERIC/OSEP Special Project.
This research abstract summarizes two reports titled: (1) "Mainstream Assistance Teams to Accommodate Difficult to Teach Students in General Education" (Douglas Fuchs and Lynn S. Fuchs) and "Prereferral Intervention through Teacher Consultation: Mainstream Assistance Teams (Douglas Fuchs and others). The project investigated a prereferral intervention approach to enhance classroom teachers' ability to manage and instruct difficult-to-teach pupils. The project, called Mainstream Assistance Teams (MATs), is based on behavioral consultation, a problem-solving approach to designing, implementing, and evaluating an intervention to change behaviors that interfere with learning. The MAT model involves problem identification, intervention planning, implementation, and evaluation. Groups of teachers implemented different versions of the MAT process. Teacher ratings suggested that versions of the MAT in which the consultant was extensively involved were more effective, but observation data showed no reliable differences among versions. When teachers and consultants selected interventions from a set designed to reduce problem behaviors, the frequency of students' problem behavior was reduced and most teachers became more positive toward these pupils. Students in the experimental groups were less likely to be referred for special education than those in control groups. Students were able to effectively monitor their own behavior. (JDD)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Classroom Techniques, Consultation Programs, Diagnostic Teaching, Intermediate Grades, Learning Problems, Mainstreaming, Prereferral Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Self Management, Teamwork
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, 1920 Association Dr., Dept. K31148, Reston, VA 22091-1589 (Order No. E724, $1 prepaid).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. ERIC/OSEP Special Project.