ERIC Number: ED377641
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jan
The Effects of Student-Teacher Ratios on Student Performance in Special Education. Research & Resources on Special Education, Abstract 22.
Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. ERIC/OSEP Special Project.
This research abstract is based on two studies: first, "Student and Instructional Outcomes under Varying Student-Teacher Ratios in Special Education" and, second, "A Case Study Analysis of Factors Related to Effective Student-Teacher Ratios", both by Martha L. Thurlow and others. The studies investigated the effects of various student-teacher ratios on quantitative and qualitative outcome measures and explored the interaction of this variable with other factors that contribute to student performance. Subjects were 139 elementary special education students. Results indicated that under lower student-teacher ratios, students spent more time in active academic responses and academic engaged time; teachers more often checked for student understanding and provided greater task relevance, more feedback, and more adaptive instruction. Under higher ratios, there was more time spent in student-teacher discussion, the entire group setting, teacher initiated tasks, management responses, and inappropriate responses. Differences were not found in measures of task completion and success. Case studies in the second report showed that academic responding time varies not only as a function of student-teacher ratios but also as a result of characteristics of the student and the home and community environments. (JDD)
Descriptors: Class Size, Elementary Education, Mild Disabilities, Outcomes of Education, Performance Factors, Student Reaction, Teacher Student Ratio, Time on Task
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, 1920 Association Dr., Dept. K31148, Reston, VA 22091-1589 (Order No. E722, $1 prepaid).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. ERIC/OSEP Special Project.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For related documents, see ED 304 814 and ED 304 816.