ERIC Number: ED377639
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jun
Peer Tutoring and Small Group Instruction. Research & Resources on Special Education, Abstract 18.
Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. ERIC/OSEP Special Project.
This research abstract describes two studies: first, "Class Instructional Programs with Autistic Children; Group Structures and Tutoring Models" (Debra M. Whorton et al.) and, second, "The Use of Explicitly Trained Peers To Facilitate the Social Behavior of Autistic Children" (Andrew Egel and Michael Shafer). Both studies investigated effective peer tutoring and group instruction techniques for use with students who have autism. The first study developed a package to train mildly disabled students in facilitating specific social behaviors of their peers with autism. The peer training program included modeling of target behaviors. Results indicated that all peer trainers increased their interaction with students with autism. The number of training sessions required to stabilize improved interactions varied among peer trainers. All of the students with autism showed marked, but variable, improvement in their behavior, and these improvements generalized to free play sessions after training. The second study involved a series of investigations of the effects of group structure on the learning and behavior of students with autism and developmental disabilities. The investigations focused on peer tutoring and a comparison of small-group instruction to one-to-one instruction. The investigations demonstrated that: (1) students with disabilities can effectively tutor their peers; (2) nondisabled peers can effectively tutor students with autism and manage off-task and self-stimulatory behaviors; and (3) small group instruction can be superior to one-to-one instruction in terms of student performance. (JDD)
Descriptors: Autism, Elementary Secondary Education, Individualized Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Interaction, Peer Teaching, Small Group Instruction, Social Behavior, Training Methods, Tutorial Programs
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, 1920 Association Dr., Dept. K31148, Reston, VA 22091-1589 (Order No. E718, $1 prepaid).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. ERIC/OSEP Special Project.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For related documents, see ED 295 400-401.