ERIC Number: ED377638
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jun
Training Older Siblings To Enhance the Communications of Infants and Toddlers with Down Syndrome. Research & Resources on Special Education, Abstract 17.
Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. ERIC/OSEP Special Project.
Based on the study titled, "Siblings as Communication Trainers for Prelinguistic Infants with Down Syndrome" by Nancy B. Richard, this research abstract reports on a study of six sibling pairs in which the older siblings were 6 to 8 years old and their younger brothers and sisters, who had Down syndrome, were from 16 to 41 months old. The older siblings were trained to use social communication strategies, in order to support the development of more balanced communication and to give more opportunities for the younger children to initiate communications. Three strategies--"follow the leader,""take turns," and "elaborate"--were used in the context of familiar games. The training increased the contingent responsiveness of the older siblings. They responded more frequently to bids for communication from their younger brothers and sisters and responded immediately, providing contingent feedback or reinforcement. The number of communicative "turns" taken by the younger siblings also increased, and there were more spontaneous comments from them. For all subjects, these increases were maintained at follow up. A survey of parents showed that they perceived a moderate change in the interactive play of their children. (JDD)
Descriptors: Communication Skills, Cross Age Teaching, Downs Syndrome, Early Childhood Education, Helping Relationship, Interaction Process Analysis, Interpersonal Communication, Intervention, Maintenance, Preschool Children, Sibling Relationship, Skill Development, Toddlers
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, 1920 Association Dr., Dept. K31148, Reston, VA 22091-1589 (Order No. E717, $1 prepaid).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA. ERIC/OSEP Special Project.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For a related document, see ED 294 356.