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ERIC Number: ED377627
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Oct
Pages: 43
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Levels of Processing in Mild Disabilities.
Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.; And Others
This study examined the effects of the second level (intermediate acoustical processing of rhyming words) and the third level (deep-semantic processing of words in sentences) of the "levels of processing" framework on memory performance of four types of intermediate-grade students (52 "normal" students, 50 students with learning disabilities, 25 students with mild mental disability, and 25 students with emotional disability). Statistical analysis revealed that "normal" students and students with emotional disability performed significantly higher than students with mild mental disability. However, the analysis did not reveal significant differences among "normal" students, students with learning disabilities, and students with emotional disability. Nor were there significant differences between students with learning disabilities and those with mild mental disability. Data on the memory test showed that the mean number correct for all students was the highest when stimulus words were presented and encoded semantically and were retrieved using a congruent semantic cue. Findings indicate that appropriate use of levels of processing, congruity, and encoding specificity for retrieval cues enhances recall of information. (Contains 30 references.) (Author/JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A