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ERIC Number: ED377537
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jul
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Structures of Inhomogeneity--Dilemmas of Journalism Training in Europe.
Frohlich, Romy; Holtz-Bacha, Christina
National systems of journalism training are the result of an interplay of three dimensions: (1) the role and function of a society to its journalists; (2) the structures in the field of journalism (e.g., legal regulations, unions, journalism councils); and (3) the media system. Although similarities among countries can be found in particular dimensions, differences in others lead to the great inhomogeneity of journalism in western Europe. With access to journalism being free all over Western Europe, there are two different ways of entering the profession: direct entry or training outside of media companies. The latter category can be subdivided into training acquired at the stand-alone schools of journalism or acquired at a university or in some connection with it. On this basis, Western European countries can be divided into four groups. In the first group are those countries that have integrated journalism at the universities: Sweden, Finland, and Spain. The clearest trend towards an academization of journalism education can be seen in Sweden. In the second group are those countries in which journalism is concentrated in stand-alone schools: Italy, Netherlands, Norway, and Denmark. The third group follows a mixed system of journalism training in outside companies combining courses at stand-alone schools and universities: France, Germany, Ireland and Portugal. The final group of countries includes those formally dominated by the on-the-job training philosophy: its main representative is Great Britain. (Contains 5 notes; contains 10 references.) (TB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Europe