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ERIC Number: ED377529
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Flirting and Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: An Exploratory Study.
Keyton, Joann; Rhodes, Steve
A study identified the verbal and nonverbal behaviors that people associate with flirting as opposed to sexual harassment, determined whether people could successfully distinguish between flirting and sexual harassment, and examined the relationship between variables that might affect the first two objectives. Subjects, 57 females and 32 males from undergraduate courses at a mid-south university, participated as part of a course research requirement. Each participant completed measures of listening style, empathy, and situational ethics. Students then viewed one of eight brief videotape segments and were asked if flirting or sexual harassment occurred, and who started the flirting. Results indicated that: (1) 40.74% of the participants perceived sexual harassment in the flirting scenarios; (2) 78.89% of the participants believed flirting occurred in the sexual harassment scene which displayed no outwardly friendly flirting behavior; (3) only empathy subscales were significantly correlated with the perceptions of flirting and sexual harassment; (4) in the flirting condition with the female as superior, participants with a preference for action and content listening styles were not likely to identify verbal flirting or verbal sexual harassment; and (5) in the flirting condition with the male as superior, participants with a preference for the people listening style tended to identify verbal flirting. Findings demonstrate the confusion that exists in distinguishing flirting from sexually harassing behavior. (Contains 99 references, 3 notes, 1 figure, and 8 tables of data. An appendix lists verbal utterances and nonverbal communication behaviors in each of the conditions.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A