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ERIC Number: ED377447
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Genre Knowledge in Reading and Planning to Write.
Ploeger, Katherine
John Swales, well-known proponent and definer of genre theory, sees the writing process as recursive as well as heuristic, emphasizing that the text is created by a writer, who is a member of a discourse community, influenced by that community's traditions, discourse conventions, textual and topic requirements and constraints. Debate among genre theorists centers on whether conscious knowledge of a genre can help writers see more within a text and as a result help them write better. Experienced writers follow a certain series of steps when writing for a new genre whereby they filter new knowledge through existing knowledge of other genres. A study examined this process by interviewing four female graduate students, two of whom had written a news story and two of whom had not. For each subject's session, which took between 35 and 90 minutes, questions were asked about the genre while it was read aloud to the subjects; after this, the subject performed a think-aloud protocol for 10 minutes in which she talked about planning to write an original piece in the new genre. Results imply that directed, guided inquiry is a useful way to help students discover all that is involved with a piece of writing. Specific questions about aspects of texts can help students expand their schemata for certain genres, which they can later use to create new schemata. (Contains three figures and five tables of data.) (TB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A