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ERIC Number: ED377428
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 81
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Wilderness-Adventure Therapy for Delinquent and Pre-Delinquent Youth: A Review of the Literature.
Bandoroff, Scott
Those in the field of wilderness-adventure therapy (WAT) have come a long way in their attitude toward research, but their methodology has lagged behind their enthusiasm. This paper examines the literature in the field of wilderness adventure therapy for delinquent and pre-delinquent youth in order to evaluate the current state of research. The paper discusses the theoretical base of WAT to provide a conceptual framework for interpreting the literature. Also offered is an overview of the methodological problems encountered by studies in the field. The review itself includes 25 empirical studies presented according to the type of research design employed. Although the findings are inconsistent, a number of areas demonstrate relatively clear results. Evidence supports the claims that wilderness-adventure therapy leads to improved self-perceptions, increase of social adjustment, and reduced recidivism. The findings are less conclusive regarding locus of control, problem solving ability, behavior change, and duration of the effects. It is concluded that WAT appears to be a viable alternative for the treatment of delinquent youth. It is recommended that future research highlight the need for process evaluations to determine how and why the intervention works. (Contains 54 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A