ERIC Number: ED377340
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Literacy and Adults with Developmental Disabilities.
Erickson, Karen A.; And Others
Little research on literacy learning in persons with developmental disabilities has been done. The little that does exist makes clear that some individuals with autism can, and do, learn to read. Adults and adolescents with cognitive impairments have received greater research attention than have others with developmental disabilities. Subjects with a wide range of cognitive skills have demonstrated the ability to learn single words in a variety of contexts under a variety of conditions. The few studies that have investigated areas such as reading comprehension and generative writing appear to indicate that individuals with significant cognitive impairments can, and do, demonstrate higher level literacy competencies when provided with appropriate instruction, experiences, and opportunities. Studies of literacy in adults with cerebral palsy (CP) have examined word and subword performance as well as sentence-level and text-level performance. Instructional strategies have been designed and studied experimentally. Several studies have profiled the literacy performance of individuals with CP on a variety of tasks. A future research agenda might include the following: literacy learning and instruction in adults with developmental disabilities; research designs; literacy assessments validated for use with adults who have developmental disabilities; best practices in literacy; and contexts that support literacy learning for adults with developmental disabilities. (Contains 124 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Developmental Disabilities, Educational Research, Literacy Education, Literature Reviews, Mental Retardation, Research Needs
National Center on Adult Literacy, Publications, 3910 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3111 (order no. TR94-15: $8).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Adult Literacy, Philadelphia, PA.