ERIC Number: ED377338
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Adult Basic Skills in OECD Countries: Policy Issues and a Research Agenda. OECD/NCAL International Paper IP94-01.
Stern, David; Tuijnman, Albert
In light of the transition from a labor- to a knowledge-intensive economic system, member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) seem to have little choice but to increase the efficient allocation of both the quality and flow of knowledge and literacy skills. To reduce risks and counter the factors that otherwise might lead to underinvestment in human capital, a new human capital accounting system is needed that would aim at measuring and recording levels of competency. In particular, it would focus on the acquisition of knowledge and competency relevant to the workplace. A general survey of workers' knowledge and skills offers the possibility of directly testing how these are related to productivity. Such information would begin to create a more solid basis for policy on education and training. To test the relationship between competence and productivity, the samples should be designed to measure both competence and productivity for the same respondents. This implies collecting data in work settings. The primary sampling units should be firms or work establishments. Another desirable feature of the sampling design would be to sample clusters of entire work groups within enterprises. The following challenges must be overcome to accomplish the study design: establish a definition of skill and develop a skill taxonomy; develop reasonably accurate test measures; collect data; and include the time dimension and reference period for measurement. (Contains 43 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Competence, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Education Work Relationship, Foreign Countries, Job Skills, Labor Force Development, Literacy Education, Measurement Techniques, National Surveys, Occupational Information, Productivity, Research Design, Research Needs, Sampling, Unemployment
National Center on Adult Literacy, Publications, 3910 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3111 (order no. IP94-01: $7).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.; National Center on Adult Literacy, Philadelphia, PA.