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ERIC Number: ED377329
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Closing the Gap: Private and Public Job Training. EQW Issues Number 7.
Zemsky, Robert; Oedel, Penney
In the United States, job training programs tend to be categorized as either privately sponsored career advancement for valued employees or publicly funded employment remediation for disadvantaged workers. Findings of two federally mandated surveys that regularly asked nearly identical samples whether they had received job or job-related training show the extent to which the dichotomy between private and public training has distorted information and communication about job skills and training opportunities. One survey concludes that two of three workers have received training; the other reports three of four workers have not. The Current Population Survey implies that training is a positive vehicle for career enhancement; the Survey of Income and Program Participation's questions immediately follow the mention of federal income-maintenance programs. On the central question of who gets trained, private and public training programs are diametrically opposed. The workers most likely to receive employer-sponsored training are mature, well-educated, proven professional and managerial employees. Too many private-sector programs are weak on technical training, a priority that public programs are more likely to pursue. Closing the gap between private and public training requires a continuum of job-connected training options available not only to unskilled and highly skilled workers, but also to the broad middle segment of the nation's labor force. In practical terms, credentials may be the key to training reform. (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce, Philadelphia, PA.