ERIC Number: ED377325
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Literacy behind Prison Walls. Profiles of the Prison Population from the National Adult Literacy Survey.
Haigler, Karl O.; And Others
During the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS), trained staff interviewed nearly 1,150 inmates in 80 federal and state prisons that had been randomly selected to represent prisons across the country. Survey participants completed diverse literacy tasks and answered questions regarding demographic characteristics, educational background, and reading practices. The interview findings were synthesized into a report focusing on inmates' literacy skills, experiences before and during improvement, recidivism, and literacy practices and self-perception. Among the study's major findings were the following: approximately 7 in 10 prisoners surveyed performed at levels 1 and 2 of the prose, document, and quantitative scales of the NALS; prisoners' reading proficiencies were substantially lower than those of the general household population; prisoners' educational attainment was highly correlated with literacy proficiency; White inmates demonstrated higher levels of proficiency than Black inmates, who, in turn, demonstrated higher levels of proficiency than Hispanic inmates; and 36% of prisoners reported having at least one disability compared with 26% of the general household population. (Appended are the following: information on interpreting the literacy scales, tables, overview of procedures used in the NALS, definitions of all subpopulations and variables reported, and names/addresses of participants in the development process. Fifty-six tables/figures are included.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Correctional Education, Demography, Educational Needs, Educational Practices, Individual Characteristics, Literacy Education, National Surveys, Prisoners, Reading Achievement, Reading Skills, Recidivism, Tables (Data)
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Adult Literacy Survey (NCES)
IES Cited: ED435841