ERIC Number: ED377316
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Who Benefits? The Impact of Alternative Eligibility Requirements for Training Stipends in the Reemployment Act of 1994. Research Report 94-01.
National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.
A study used a special supplement of the Current Population Survey to examine the age, race, gender, and income effects of the unemployment eligibility and job tenure provisions in the Reemployment Act of 1994 (REA). Findings indicated that, at most, 45 percent of all dislocated workers would be eligible for income support during training. Because most cost analysis is based on tenure criteria and ignores the unemployment insurance (UI) eligibility requirement, fewer displaced workers would be eligible than is commonly assumed and program costs would be lower. The UI eligibility screen alone reduced the proportion of those eligible for training stipends to 52 percent of all dislocated workers. The eligibility requirements in the REA varied significantly in the extent to which they allocated funds based on age, experience, income, and region. Younger workers, workers with brief job tenure, workers in the South, and workers with low prior earnings were least likely to receive income support during training and, when they did receive support, were most likely to be eligible under discretionary sources until Fiscal Year 2000. Findings suggested a number of possible legislative initiatives, including some broad changes in other income support programs. (Appendixes include legislative language on income support eligibility and descriptions of potential databases for analysis.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Vocational Education, Age Differences, Cost Effectiveness, Demography, Dislocated Workers, Eligibility, Employment Programs, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Income, Job Training, Racial Differences, Sex Differences, Tenure, Training Allowances, Unemployment, Unemployment Insurance
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.