ERIC Number: ED377282
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Educating Immigrant Children. Chapter 1 in the Changing City. Urban Institute Report 93-3. A Report of the Immigration Policy Program.
Fix, Michael; Zimmermann, Wendy
This report uses national and case-study data to address the degree to which limited-English-proficient (LEP) students are served by Chapter 1 programs. Although nationally the ethnic distribution of Chapter 1 funds has paralleled trends in the child-poverty population, there is great variation at the state and school-district level in the proportions of LEP children served. In some districts it is mistakenly believed that bilingual or English-as-a-Second-Language instruction is a substitute for Chapter 1 education. In addition, few districts have the capacity to test academic achievement in languages other than English, or, to a lesser extent, Spanish. Native students have not been displaced by immigrant students, but inclusion of both along with other factors may have served to reduce per-pupil allocations of Chapter 1 funds. The following recommendations are made for the reform of Chapter 1: (1) clarify eligibility; (2) expand the federal role in developing assessments in native languages; (3) concentrate funding in disadvantaged areas; (4) update Chapter 1 poverty data more frequently; and (5) monitor services and outcomes for LEP students. Four figures and 24 tables present study findings and other data. An appendix profiles some urban districts. (Contains 35 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Compensatory Education, Educational Practices, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Eligibility, English (Second Language), Ethnic Groups, Federal Programs, Immigrants, Limited English Speaking, Poverty, Program Evaluation, School Districts, Urban Schools
University Press of America, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706 (paper--ISBN-0-87766-608-3; cloth--ISBN-087766-607-5).
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1; Hawkins Stafford Act 1988