ERIC Number: ED377138
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Educating ESL Students for Citizenship in a Democratic Society. ERIC Digest.
The growing population of "English-as-second language" (ESL) students in the United States need to learn how to cope with the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in the U.S. Because of this, civic education should pervade the curriculum for ESL students. This ERIC digest treats five facets of civic education for ESL students: (1) needs and goals, (2) content and curriculum materials, (3) use of cooperative learning, (4) use of outside resource persons, and (5) national organizations that provide resources for teachers. The process of acculturation is essential in the area of U.S. civic culture--government, laws, criminal and civil rights, and civic values. To live in any kind of harmony with U.S. institutions and to make a productive contribution to national democratic life, students from other cultures need both information about and experiences in the political system of the United States. The principles, practices, and values of U.S. constitutional democracy comprise the cultural core of our pluralistic society. Citizens in possession of the democratic civic culture are able to protect their private rights, pursue personal interests, and contribute to the public good. Because language is both the vehicle and the most profound expression of culture, learning English is an essential part of the civic education process. Both ESL teachers and social studies teachers can profit from professional development experiences in multicultural education. Cooperative learning in ESL classes includes positive interdependence, interaction within the group, accountability of individual students, and explicit teaching of small group skills. A resource list is included. Contains 13 references. (DK)
Descriptors: Bilingual Teachers, Citizenship Education, Cooperative Learning, Curriculum Development, Democracy, Educational Resources, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Instructional Materials, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods
Social Studies Development Center, 2805 East Tenth Street, Suite 120, Bloomington, IN 47408.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - Descriptive; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education, Bloomington, IN.