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ERIC Number: ED377116
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Feb
Pages: 64
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Culture and Development: A Study.
Claxton, Mervyn
As the nations of the world pursue development, the role of culture is important to consider in development activities. This report examines the link between culture and development and suggests that a people's cultural traditions and practices can be utilized in successful development activities. The investigation functions on the premise that throughout history, and across all cultures, a people's culture has been linked intimately to its development and that this link was broken in recent times, especially in developing countries because of the universal adoption of the western development model and because of the internationalization of western technology. The report discusses the interactions among culture, technology, and development. The experiences of currently developed and developing countries are compared with regard to the role of culture in development. The conclusion indicates that many cultural traditions can be employed to facilitate development and that individual nations must decide to what degree cultural attributes will be utilized in development activities. The characteristics of cultures that favor success in development include: (1) cultural confidence; (2) inventiveness and innovation; (3) creativity; (4) political will and encouragement; (5) importance accorded to knowledge and education; and (6) social rewards for individual success. Additionally, an extensive bibliography lists other materials on cultural and developmental issues. Contains 36 references. (Author/CK)
Chief of Promotion, World Decade for Cultural Development, UNESCO, 1, rue Miollis, 75732 Paris Cedex 15, France (Available in French, English, and Spanish).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).