ERIC Number: ED377105
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-May
Reference Count: N/A
Issues and Concerns for Local Government: Virginia in the 1990s.
Many challenges face local governments in Virginia and nationwide in the 1990s. As federal funding has decreased, local governments have been forced to take on greater responsibilities. This increased workload has created a greater demand for resources and forced many localities to raise taxes. Citizens have often voiced opposition to these tax increases, adding to the problems faced by local governments. A case study examining local governments in Virginia illustrates many of the most prominent concerns facing local governments. The areas discussed are: (1) education; (2) growth and development; (3) housing; (4) jails; (5) solid waste disposal; and (6) transportation. Funding and school board elections are both prominent concerns for school districts in Virginia. Equalizing differences between wealthy and poorer districts also is an important education issue. Growth and development problems exist for both rural and urban areas of the state. Reduction of federal support for affordable housing has created a greater demand for local governments to supply such facilities. Overcrowding and increasing costs of housing for inmates in jails present a challenge for Virginia's localities. Local governments also now bear the majority of financial and legal responsibilities for proper disposal of solid waste. Finally, highway use has been increasing while federal funding for road construction and repair has been in decline. The result is a greater road maintenance burden for local governments in Virginia. This report discusses all of the key areas that must be addressed by Virginia's localities and local governments in general. Following this analysis, suggestions are made for classroom application of the materials presented, including class exercises, group projects, and guest speakers. (CK)
Descriptors: Civics, Current Events, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Federal State Relationship, Government Role, Government School Relationship, Local Government, Public Policy, State Government
Center for Public Service, University of Virginia, 918 Emmett St., North Suite 300, Charlottesville, VA 22903.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Virginia Univ., Charlottesville. Center for Public Service.
Identifiers - Location: Virginia