ERIC Number: ED377098
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Promoting Girls' and Women's Education: Lessons from the Past. Working Paper Series 715.
Bellew, Rosemary; King, Elizabeth M.
Expanding education, especially basic education, has been an object of education policy in developing countries over the past two decades. Identifying approaches undertaken by governments, non-governmental organizations, donor agencies, and communities to raise girls' and women's attendance in educational programs, this paper discusses the approaches, examines the lessons learned from experience, and signals the conditions under which the strategies seem to work or fail. Some conclusions are not well supported by empirical analyses; others seem impressionistic. Most initiatives have not been accompanied by evaluations that would permit strong conclusions about their effectiveness. Therefore advancing women's education in certain settings requires proceeding with best guesses. It involves designing strategies base on what has worked well in similar circumstances and based on theoretically what might work. It requires experimentation and careful monitoring. There is no one strategy for any country or group of countries. How the issues are approached depends on the country specific context, including the existing supply of schools, prevailing cultural and social norms, family income and productive activities, women's opportunities for paid work, and the quality of education. (JJ)
Descriptors: Attendance, Cultural Influences, Developing Nations, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Opportunities, Family Characteristics, Females, Nongovernmental Organizations, Norms, Womens Education
World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.