ERIC Number: ED377079
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Students' Characteristics and Achievement and Attitudes toward Science.
DeBaz, Theodora Petros
The purpose of this study was to update the findings of previous quantitative research related to the effects of various student characteristics on measures of science achievement, cognitive reasoning, and science attitudes using the meta-analytic approach. Furthermore, the magnitude of the relationships between the study outcomes and the methodological variables were examined. Studies carried out in 1980 through 1991 with U.S. students in grade 7 through grade 12 were included in this analysis. Of the 147 documents identified for potential inclusion in this study, 77 studies were retained for meta-analysis. Findings of this study support previous research in that significant effects were found between the study's outcome measures and gender (favoring males), and race (favoring whites). Positive relationships were found between the study's outcome measures and environmental variables which included father's education, mother's education, plans and aspirations, hours of homework, and the availability of educational items at home. Substantial positive relationships were also found between the study's outcome measures and scholastic ability, science ability, general ability, and cognitive reasoning ability. Further positive relationships were also found between the study's outcome measures and attitudinal indicators which included both attitudes toward science, and attitudes toward science learning. Exploration of the study outcomes' effect sizes associated with the methodological variables revealed significant differences across the form of publication, assignment type, method of calculating the effect size value, age levels, and grade levels. (Author)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio State University.