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ERIC Number: ED377012
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effective Research into Experiential Education: A Critical Resource in Its Own Right.
Gray, Tonia; Patterson, John
This paper discusses the use of quantitative methodologies to evaluate extended-stay outdoor education school programs (ESOESPs) in Australia. A recurring theme in the literature of outdoor education is the paucity of empirical data to support its continuation and development. Proponents argue that the outdoor education experience leads somehow to a long-lasting personal transformation. However, anecdotal evidence and "warm fuzzies" are not grounded in rigorous systematic research. ESOESPs are Australian off-campus residential programs, conducted in outdoor settings for at least 20 weeks, that are incorporated into the school experience. While gaining in popularity, ESOESPs are capital intensive. To survive in an age of conservative educational reform, programs such as these must provide systematic empirical evaluations of both immediate and long-term impact. Two instruments, the Real Me Questionnaire (RMQ) and the School Life Questionnaire (SLQ), were developed to evaluate ESOESPs. Major program objectives related to student self-concept, social responsibility, intellectual development, and health and physical development were elaborated into behaviorally related statements that require a graded response from subjects. RMQ contains 65 items and measures attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors. SLQ contains 31 items and examines appropriateness of curriculum, quality of teaching, school spirit, and personal relationships. Both instruments have demonstrated statistical reliability and construct validity. Included are program objectives and questionnaire subscales, and constructs. Contains 18 references. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia