ERIC Number: ED377000
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of the Camp Wallace, Camp Currie and Camp Webb Studies: A Comparison of Self-Concept and Wilderness Anxiety Scores.
Crume, Charles T., Jr.; Lang, G. Mac
This report examines self-concept and wilderness anxiety among fifth- and sixth-grade students attending three summer camps operated in different regions of Kentucky by the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources (KDFWR). Program content at each 1-week camp was standard, consisting of a set of outdoor experiences and instruction. More than 2,000 camp participants completed the Willoughby Schedule (a self-concept instrument) and the Crume/Ellis Wilderness Anxiety Scale (CEWAS) at the beginning and end of their camping experience. Data were analyzed for significant differences between pretest and posttest scores among randomized groups of males and females. Analysis also included within-camp and between-camp differences. Pretest data were used to produce male and female means as standards for future interpretation of Willoughby Schedule and CEWAS scores among fifth- and sixth-graders. The following conclusions were generated: (1) KDFWR camps had a positive effect upon the Willoughby Schedule and CEWAS scores of participants; (2) there were regional differences in pretest scores; (3) pretest scores were generally lower (more positive self-concept and lower levels of anxiety) for males than for females; (4) prior outdoor experience seemed to have a positive effect on pretest scores; (5) there was little evidence of a correlation between wilderness anxiety and self-concept; and (6) if the relationship between negative environmental behaviors and wilderness anxiety exists, then KDFWR camp programs will result in improved environmental behavior among participants. Contains 25 data tables and 18 references. (LB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kentucky State Dept. of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Frankfort.